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Title: Characterization of alkaline thermostable keratinolytic protease from thermoalkalophilic Bacillus halodurans JB 99 exhibiting dehairing activity
Authors: Shrinivas D
Naik G.R.
Keywords: Alkaline protease
Bacillus sp. JB 99
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation , Vol. 65 , 1 , p. 29 - 35
Abstract: A thermostable alkaline protease produced from Bacillus sp. JB 99 exhibited significant keratinolytic and dehairing activity. The enzyme was purified by ammonium sulphate precipitation followed by CM-cellulose and Sephadex G-100 chromatography and resulted in 13.6 fold purification with 23.8% of recovery. The specific activity of purified enzyme was 2989.6Umg-l. Purified protease had a molecular weight of 29kDa and appeared as a single band. Gelatin zymogram analysis also revealed a clear hydrolytic zone, which corresponded to the band obtained with SDS-PAGE. The optimum pH and temperature for the keratinolytic activity was pH 11.0 and 70°C respectively and half life of protease was 70°C for 4h. N-terminal amino acid sequence of purified enzyme exhibited extensive homology with other thermostable alkaline proteases and inhibition by PMSF indicated serine type of protease. The Km and Vmax of protease for keratin substrate were 3.8±0.5mgml-1 and 15.1±1.6?mmin-1mg-1 and casein were 3.3±0.4mgml-l and 15.6±0.9?mmin-1mg-1 respectively. The enzyme efficiently dehaired buffalo and goat hide without damaging the collagen layer, which makes it a potential candidate for application in leather industry to avoid pollution problem associated with the use of chemicals in the industry. The enzyme also degraded chicken feathers in presence of reducing agent which can help poultry industry in management of keratin-rich waste and obtaining value added products. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.
URI: 10.1016/j.ibiod.2010.04.013
Appears in Collections:1. Journal Articles

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